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Cultural Safety Journal Articles – First Nations Australian

January 2021
  1. K. Thorpe, (2021). The dangers of libraries and archives for Indigenous Australian workers: Investigating the question of Indigenous cultural safety. IFLA Journal. DOI: 10.1177/0340035220987574. Available: Kirsten Thorpe is a Worimi women/First Nations Australian.
  2. K. McCullough, L. Whitehead, S. Bayes and R. Schultz, (2021). Remote area nursing: best practice or paternalism in action? The importance of consumer perspectives on primary health care nursing practice in remote communities. Australian Journal of Primary Health. Available:
  3. J. Mamtora, C. Ovaska and B. Mathiesen, (2021). Reconciliation in Australia: The academic library empowering the Indigenous community. IFLA Journal. DOI: 10.1177/0340035220987578, 0340035220987578. Available:
  4. R. Macniven, J. Coombes, R. Wilson, A. Simon, T. Mackean, K. Hunter, T. Ma, J. Gwynn, C. Sherrington, A. Tiedemann, A.-M. Hill, K. Delbaere, C. Lewis, K. Bennett-Brook, A. Howie, G. Stewart, M. Shakespeare, K. Rogers, R. Q. Ivers and K. Clapham, (2021). Understanding implementation factors and participant experiences of a cluster randomised controlled trial to prevent falls among older Aboriginal people: a process evaluation protocol. Injury Prevention. DOI: 10.1136/injuryprev-2020-043980, injuryprev-2020-043980. Available:
  5. Kate, G. Alana, B. Tamara, A. Brian, H. Kirsten, C. Alan and G. Gail, (2021). Using Web Conferencing to Engage Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Young People in Research: A Feasibility Study. BMC medical research methodology. DOI: 10.21203/ Available:
  6. T. Flemington, M. Lock, J. Shipp, D. Hartz, B. Lonne and J. A. Fraser, (2021). Cultural Safety and Child Protection Responses in Hospitals: A Scoping Review. International Journal on Child Maltreatment: Research, Policy and Practice. DOI: 10.1007/s42448-020-00065-3. Available:
  7. F. Golding, A. Lewis, S. McKemmish, G. Rolan and K. Thorpe, (2021). Rights in records: A Charter of Lifelong Rights in Childhood Recordkeeping in Out-of-Home Care for Australian and Indigenous Australian children and care leavers. The International Journal of Human Rights. DOI: 10.1080/13642987.2020.1859484, 1-33. Available:
  8. K. J. Fildes, E. Beck, T. Bur, P. Burns, L. A. Chisholm, C. T. Dillon, T. A. Kuit, A. T. McMahon, E. P. Neale, C. Paton-Walsh, S. Powell, D. Skropeta, A. Stefoska-Needham, A. Tomlin, T. M. Treweek, K. Walton and J. Kennedy, (2021). The first steps on the journey towards curriculum reconciliation in science, medicine and health education. High Educ Res Dev.  40, 194-206. Available:
  9. Day, S. Casey, M. Baird, L. Geia and R. Wanganeen, (2021). Evaluation of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Mental Health First Aid Program. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.  n/a. Available:
  10. E. Dale, K. M. Conigrave, P. J. Kelly, R. Ivers, K. Clapham and K. S. K. Lee, (2021). A Delphi yarn: applying Indigenous knowledges to enhance the cultural utility of SMART Recovery Australia. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice.  16, 2. Available:
  11. R. A. Cox, S. A. Read, S. Hopkins and J. M. Wood, (2021). High Rates of Uncorrected Vision Conditions among Schoolchildren in Rural Queensland, Australia. Optom Vis Sci.  98, 51-57. Available:
  12. F. Charlson, B. Gynther, K. Obrecht, E. Heffernan, M. David, J. T. Young and E. Hunter, (2021). Incarceration among adults living with psychosis in Indigenous populations in Cape York and the Torres Strait. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. DOI: 10.1177/0004867420985247, 0004867420985247. Available:
  13. J. Bullen and L. D. Roberts, (2021). Transformative learning within Australian Indigenous studies: a scoping review of non-Indigenous student experiences in tertiary Indigenous studies education. High Educ Res Dev.  40, 162-177. Available:
  14. M. Bovill, Y. Bar-Zeev, B. Bonevski, J. Reath, C. Oldmeadow, A. Hall, I. C. A. N. Q. U. I. T. i. Pregnancy Pilot Group and G. S. Gould, (2021). Ngaa-bi-nya-nhumi-nya (to Test First): Piloting the Feasibility of Using the Growth and Empowerment Measure with Aboriginal Pregnant Women Who Smoke. Journal of Smoking Cessation.  2021, 6610500. Available:
  15. Ahuriri-Driscoll, V. Lee and H. Came, (2021). Amplifying Indigenous voice and curriculum within the public health academy – the emergence of Indigenous sovereign leadership in public health education. High Educ Res Dev.  40, 146-161. Available:
  16. M. West, S. Sadler, F. Hawke, S. E. Munteanu and V. Chuter, (2021). Effect of a culturally safe student placement on students’ understanding of, and confidence with, providing culturally safe podiatry care. Journal of foot and ankle research.  Available:
  17. P. O’Brien, S. Bunzli, I. Lin, D. Bessarab, J. Coffin, M. M. Dowsey and P. F. M. Choong, (2021). Addressing surgical inequity for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia’s universal health care system: a call to action. ANZ Journal of Surgery.  n/a. Available:
  18. A. Munns, (2021). Community midwifery: a primary health care approach to care during pregnancy for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women. Australian Journal of Primary Health.  27, 57-61. Available:
  19. R. D. Thackrah, J. Wood and S. C. Thompson, (2021). Longitudinal Follow Up of Early Career Midwives: Insights Related to Racism Show the Need for Increased Commitment to Cultural Safety in Aboriginal Maternity Care. International journal of environmental research and public health.  Available: DOI:10.3390/ijerph18031276
February 2021

1. T. Power, D. Wilson, L. East, B. Cashman, J. Wannell and D. Jackson, (2021). Indigenous women’s experiences of diabetes in pregnancy: A thematic synthesis. Collegian. DOI: $USD35.95 #lockedupknowledge

“Collectively, through our organisations, nursing needs to agitate and advocate for the enactment of policy and legislation that will ensure the delivery of culturally safe health care and the decolonisation of health services.”

2. Steele, M. L., Meurk, C., Schess, J., Yap, L., Jones, J., Harden, S., Davison, S., Butler, T., & Heffernan, E. (2021, 2021/02/02). Substance use and help-seeking among justice-involved young people in Queensland and Western Australia: A cross-sectional survey of 14–17-year-olds. Drug Alcohol Rev., AUD $49.00 #lockedupknowledge

“Our findings illustrate the ongoing importance of delivering tailored, comprehensive and coordinated trauma-informed and culturally safe AOD services to justice-involved young people, both in detention and in the community.”

3. Orr, F., Kelly, M., Virdun, C., Power, T., Phillips, A., & Gray, J. (2021, 2021/02/01/). The development and evaluation of an integrated virtual patient case study and related online resources for person-centred nursing practice. Nurse Educ Pract, 51, 102981., USD $35.95 #lockedupknowledge

“The reduction of health disparities in Aboriginal Peoples is dependent on culturally safe health care that supports empowerment, focuses on the person’s experiences of the care, and is person-centred (Nugyen, 2008).”

4. Bovill, M., Chamberlain, C., Bennett, J., Longbottom, H., Bacon, S., Field, B., Hussein, P., Berwick, R., Gould, G., & O’Mara, P. (2021, Feb 2). Building an Indigenous-Led Evidence Base for Smoking Cessation Care among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women during Pregnancy and Beyond: Research Protocol for the Which Way? Project. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(3)., Open Access.

“At the closing of the yarning circles, a lunch will be offered to the women. This process acts as an acknowledgement of women giving up their time to participate in the research as well as providing a culturally safe space for women and researchers to be able to reflect on the yarning circle conversations.”

5. Blunden, S., Fatima, Y., & Yiallourou, S. (2021, Feb 4). Sleep health in Indigenous Australian children: a systematic review. Sleep Med, 80, 305-314., USD$35.95 #lockedupknowledge

“Further, there is a necessity to embed at a systems level the provision of culturally safe and responsive sleep health support to Indigenous infants, children and families and communities.”

6. Marnie, C., & Peters, M. D. J. (2021). Relaunched, the Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing in the year of the Nurse and Midwife. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 38(1)., Open Access.

“We argue that health practitioners have a responsibility to employ critical consciousness to developing strategic frameworks that promote and make space for a culturally safe working environment, and safe healing environment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.”

7. Orr, N., Gwynne, K., Sohn, W., & Skinner, J. (2021). Inequalities in the utilisation of the Child Dental Benefits Schedule between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. Australian Health Review., Open Access.

“Compounding this is limited access to toothbrushes and toothpaste, high out-of-pocket costs for dental care and access barriers related to cultural safety and social disadvantage.”

8. Satour, J., & Goldingay, S. (2021, 2021/04/03). Experiencing Aboriginal Perspectives Through the Embodied Concept of the Tree of Life: Implications for Developing a Teaching Resource. Australian Social Work, 74(2), 198-209., USD45.00, #lockedupknowledge

“This creates a space for students to question and voice uncertainties, discomforts, and anxieties in a culturally safe space without being fearful, silent or having a saviour complex in having to rescue Aboriginal people from themselves.”

9. Cullen, P., Mackean, T., Walker, N., Coombes, J., Bennett-Brook, K., Clapham, K., Ivers, R., Hackett, M., Worner, F., & Longbottom, M. (2021). Integrating Trauma and Violence Informed Care in Primary Health Care Settings for First Nations Women Experiencing Violence: A Systematic Review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse., £29.00 #lockedupknowledge

“The intention of culturally safe care is to create an environment where experiences of past and present trauma are acknowledged, there are no structural power differentials, and there is an emphasis on creating a sense ofsafety (Browne et al., 2016).”

10. Manton, D., & Williams, M. (2021). Strengthening Indigenous Australian Perspectives in Allied Health Education: A Critical Reflection. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 16(1)., Open Access

“Cultural safety: Development of an environment that is spiritually, socially, emotionally, and physically supportive and safe for Indigenous people, and that respects their cultures and identities.”

11. Socha, A. (2020). Addressing Institutional Racism Against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders of Australia in Mainstream Health Services: Insights From Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 16(1).

“Cultural safety in a health care setting involves understanding the history of colonial violence and oppression that produces health inequities, and suspending ethnocentric views in favour of respecting alternative worldviews and cultural practices (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2018).”

12. Windle, A., Javanparast, S., Freeman, T., & Baum, F. (2021, 2021/02/18). Assessing organisational capacity for evidence-informed health policy and planning: an adaptation of the ORACLE tool for Australian primary health care organizations. Health Research Policy and Systems, 19(1), 25., Open Access.

“A hypothetical example might be where a strategy to enhance the cultural safety of services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has been favourably evaluated in X region—can it then be confidently assumed that the same strategy would be culturally safe in Y region (acknowledging the distinct cultural beliefs and practices of different Aboriginal communities across Australia)?”

13. Bentley, S. A., Anstice, N. S., Armitage, J. A., Booth, J., Dakin, S. C., Fitzpatrick, G., Herse, P., Keay, L., & McKendrick, A. M. (2021, Feb 22). Strengthening Indigenous eye care in Australia and New Zealand through a Leaders in Indigenous Optometry Education Network. Aust N Z J Public Health., Open Access.

“The understanding is that the inclusion of quality cultural safety training in curricula will not only produce better practitioners but will also influence other important changes, such as increased recruitment and graduation rates for Indigenous students (as the program itself will be culturally safe), and increased representation of Indigenous staff within the higher education sector.”

14. Nolan-Isles, D., Macniven, R., Hunter, K., Gwynn, J., Lincoln, M., Moir, R., Dimitropoulos, Y., Taylor, D., Agius, T., Finlayson, H., Martin, R., Ward, K., Tobin, S., & Gwynne, K. (2021). Enablers and Barriers to Accessing Healthcare Services for Aboriginal People in New South Wales, Australia. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(6)., Open Access.

“Enabling factors were coordination of healthcare services within jurisdictions, effective communication between healthcare services, trust in health services and positive experiences of cultural safety, prioritization of access for Aboriginal people, resourcing for healthcare services and addressing distance and transport barriers.”

15. Arruzza, E., & Chau, M. (2021). The effectiveness of cultural competence education in enhancing knowledge acquisition, performance, attitudes, and student satisfaction among undergraduate health science students: a scoping review. J Educ Eval Health Prof, 18, 3., Open Access.

“However, Kurtz et al. [29] highlighted that without a system-wide approach, culturally safe practice will continue to be viewed as anecdotal, an individual experience and not evidence-based.”

16. Walker, R., Usher, K., Jackson, D., Reid, C., Hopkins, K., Shepherd, C., Smallwood, R., & Marriott, R. (2021, Feb 22). Connection to… Addressing Digital Inequities in Supporting the Well-Being of Young Indigenous Australians in the Wake of COVID-19. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(4)., Open Access.

“The taskforce has advised on primary care-targeted actions, workforce needs, cultural safety, testing, evacuation and biosecurity measures, and community information provision.”

17. Christie, V., Green, D., Amin, J., Pyke, C., Littlejohn, K., Skinner, J., McCowen, D., & Gwynne, K. (2021). What is the Evidence Globally for Culturally Safe Therapies to Improving Breast Cancer Outcomes for Indigenous Women in High Income Countries? A Systematic Review. Preprints., Open Access.

“From this review, it is clear that there needs to be more research about capacity building, culturally safe services and building health literacy. Based on this study we can infer that the impact of these elements is vast, but it is not clear just how integral they are to the success of services for Indigenous women with breast cancer.”

18. Bradley, P., Lowell, A., Daiyi, C., Macklin, K., Nagel, T., & Dunn, S. (2021, 2021/02/25). It’s a little bit like prison, but not that much: Aboriginal women’s experiences of an acute mental health inpatient unit. Int J Ment Health Nurs, n/a(n/a)., USD$49.00 #lockedupknowledge

“Ramsden (2002) noted that while ‘human samenesses and human differences’ are highlighted by investigation into matters of cultural safety, individual needs and experiences are mediated by cultural, gender and social factors.”

19. McCullough, K., Bayes, S., Whitehead, L., Williams, A., & Cope, V. (2021, 2021/02/27/). We say we are doing primary health care but we’re not: Remote area nurses’ perspectives on the challenges of providing primary health care services. Collegian., USD$35.95 #lockedupknowledge

“Remote area nurses are primary health care nurses with a particular focus on providing culturally safe care to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.”

20. Coombes, J., Fraser, S., Hunter, K., Ivers, R., Holland, A., Grant, J., & Mackean, T. (2021, Feb 26). “They Are Worth Their Weight in Gold”: Families and Clinicians’ Perspectives on the Role of First Nations Health Workers in Paediatric Burn Care in Australia. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(5)., Open Access.

“Care that is regardful of differences, improves dialogue and reduces power imbalances will lead to an experience of improved culturally safe care [19].”

21. Byrne, A.-L., McLellan, S., Willis, E., Curnow, V., Harvey, C., Brown, J., & Hegney, D. (2021). Yarning as an Interview Method for Non-Indigenous Clinicians and Health Researchers. Qualitative Health Research., £32.00 #lockedupknowledge

“Making people feel culturally safe, and therefore prepared to “talk,” requires sustaining the relationship through time.”

March 2021
  1. Ferdinand, A., Massey, L., Cullen, J., Temple, J., Meiselbach, K., Paradies, Y., Baynam, G., Savarirayan, R., & Kelaher, M. (2021, 2021/03/01). Culturally competent communication in Indigenous disability assessment: a qualitative study. International Journal for Equity in Health, 20(1), 68.

‘Cultural competence, also referred to as cultural safety, has been defined as ‘a set of congruent behaviours, attitudes and policies that come together in a system, agency or among professionals; enabling that system, agency or those professionals to work effectively in cross-cultural situations [22].’

2. Stuart, L., Kimmel, L., & Jolly, A. (2021). Incidence of lower limb amputation in Central Australia. Australian Health Review.

‘Central Australia appears to have the highest incidence rate of LLA [lower limb amputation] for any region in Australia, with Aboriginal Australians, particularly females and those undergoing renal dialysis, being disproportionately represented. Further studies should aim to determine targeted, culturally safe and successful methods of diabetic foot ulcer prevention, early detection and management with a view to reducing the high amputation rates for these cohorts.’

3. Pammer, K., Freire, M., Gauld, C., & Towney, N. (2021, Mar 2). Keeping Safe on Australian Roads: Overview of Key Determinants of Risky Driving, Passenger Injury, and Fatalities for Indigenous Populations. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(5).

‘The value of this [virtual reality driver training] for passenger safety is twofold: an immersive, culturally safe learning environment allows novice drivers to more effectively learn the necessary rules and legislation around keeping their passengers safe.’

4. Benn, E., Wirth, H., Short, T., Howarth, T., & Heraganahally, S. S. (2021). The Top End Sleepiness Scale (TESS): A New Tool to Assess Subjective Daytime Sleepiness Among Indigenous Australian Adults. Nat Sci Sleep, 13, 315-328.

‘To illustrate the utility of a newly developed culturally safe and clinically relevant subjective daytime sleepiness assessment tool “Top End Sleepiness Scale” (TESS) for use among Indigenous Australians.’

5. Whop, L. J., Smith, M. A., Butler, T. L., Adcock, A., Bartholomew, K., Goodman, M. T., Winer, R. L., Milosevic, E., & Lawton, B. (2021, Mar). Achieving cervical cancer elimination among Indigenous women. Prev Med, 144, 106314.

‘Trust, credibility, and accountability are key, therefore health providers involved in cervical screening services and interventions with Indigenous women need to provide culturally safe care.’

6. Lavrencic, L. M., Donovan, T., Moffatt, L., Keiller, T., Allan, W., Delbaere, K., & Radford, K. (2021, 2021/08/01/). Ngarraanga Giinganay (‘thinking peacefully’): Co-design and pilot study of a culturally-grounded mindfulness-based stress reduction program with older First Nations Australians. Eval Program Plann, 87, 101929.

‘Through partnering and consultation with Aboriginal communities and organisations, and guidance from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Reference Group (ATSIRG; including First Nations clinicians, academics and/or advocates), a need was identified to translate KGOWS findings into “culturally-safe neuroplasticity” or “brain training”, to reduce the rates of cognitive decline.’

7. Byrne, A.-L., McLellan, S., Willis, E., Curnow, V., Harvey, C., Brown, J., & Hegney, D. (2021). Yarning as an Interview Method for Non-Indigenous Clinicians and Health Researchers. Qualitative Health Research, 1049732321995802. #lockedupknowledge

‘Making people feel culturally safe, and therefore prepared to “talk,” requires sustaining the relationship through time.’

8. *Mills, K., Creedy, D. K., Sunderland, N., & Allen, J. (2021, 2021/05/01/). Examining the transformative potential of emotion in education: A new measure of nursing and midwifery students’ emotional learning in first peoples’ cultural safety. Nurse Education Today, 100, 104854. #lockedupknowledge, US$35.95

‘A measure of emotional learning by non-Indigenous health student experiences when undertaking education on First Peoples cultural safety may provide a platform for the development of innovative pedagogy in Australia.’

9. Saunders, P., & Doyle, K. (2021, 2021/03/10). Gambling Interventions in Indigenous Communities, from Theory to Practice: A Rapid Qualitative Review of the Literature. Journal of Gambling Studies. #lockedupknowledge, €34,95.

‘Developing culturally safe green spaces, for instance, may encourage physical activity, as well as family and community engagement, contributing to many cultural obligations inherent in engaging with community members such as opportunities for cultural education and knowledge exchange.’

10. Haynes, E., Walker, R., Mitchell, A. G., Katzenellenbogen, J., D’Antoine, H., & Bessarab, D. (2021, 2021/03/09/). Decolonizing Indigenous health: generating a productive dialogue to eliminate rheumatic heart disease in Australia. Social Science & Medicine, 113829. #openaccess.

‘Recommendations to address health system failures in the RHD [rhematic heart disease] policy space include actions to support Aboriginal self-determination in the Endgame Strategy (Wyber et al., 2020) (see also, specifically: funding communities to develop Indigenous-led culturally responsive programs, increased and sustained resourcing of an Aboriginal-led strategy implementation unit, Aboriginal health services and peer support programs, and ensuring culturally safe health provision (Wyber et al., 2020).’

11. Hughes, J. T. (2021, 2021/03/08). Kidney health equity for Indigenous Australians: an achievable goal. Nature Reviews Nephrology. (content embargoed for 364 days)

12. Stockton, D. A., Fowler, C., Debono, D., & Travaglia, J. (2021, 2021/06/01). World Health Organization building blocks in rural community health services: An integrative review []. Health Science Reports, 4(2), e254. #openaccess.

‘Community-based participatory action research provides an opportunity to learn from one another, build capacity, optimize service model suitability, and promotes cultural safety by demonstrating respect and inclusivity in decision making.’

13. *Harding, J., MacKinnon, K., Sangster-Gormley, E., & Gordon, C. (2021). Indigenous peoples’ positive experiences with culturally safe health care: a qualitative systematic review protocol. JBI Evidence Synthesis, Online First. #openaccess.

‘For this review, cultural safety is defined as positive, safe, and affirming interactions with health care providers in any health care setting as experienced by the recipient(s) of care, their family, or community. ‘

14. Westerman, T. (2021). Culture-bound syndromes in Aboriginal Australian populations. Clinical Psychologist, 1-17. #lockedupknowledge, USD$45.0.

14. *Deroy, S., & Schütze, H. (2021, 2021/03/18). Factors supporting retention of health and wellbeing staff in Aboriginal health services: a strength-based case study. Human Resources for Health, 19(1), 35. #openaccess.

‘We add to the literature by identifying the importance of bi-directional communication, as well as demonstrating that social accountability, teamwork and collaboration, cultural safety, supervision, professional advancement, and recognition continue to be important factors that contribute to health and wellbeing staff retention in Aboriginal Health Services.’

16. Kildea, S., Gao, Y., Hickey, S., Nelson, C., Kruske, S., Carson, A., Currie, J., Reynolds, M., Wilson, K., Watego, K., Costello, J., & Roe, Y. (2021, 2021/05/01/). Effect of a Birthing on Country service redesign on maternal and neonatal health outcomes for First Nations Australians: a prospective, non-randomised, interventional trial. The Lancet Global Health, 9(5), e651-e659. #openaccess.

Culturally safe maternity care encompasses the entirety of a woman’s needs (physical, psychosocial, spiritual, emotional, and cultural), with culturally safe practitioners treating women with respect and dignity.’

17. *Venugopal, J., Ninomiya, M., Green, N., Peach, L., Linklater, R., George, P., & Wells, S. (2021, 2021/03//). A scoping review of evaluated Indigenous community-based mental wellness initiatives. Rural and Remote Health, 21(1), 6203. #openaccess.

‘Experts have argued that Indigenous leadership, knowledge systems, beliefs, and practices are essential for the development and implementation of culturally safe and successful initiatives to improve Indigenous peoples’ health’

18. Chando, S., Tong, A., Howell, M., Dickson, M., Craig, J. C., DeLacy, J., Eades, S. J., & Howard, K. (2021, Mar 17). Stakeholder perspectives on the implementation and impact of Indigenous health interventions: A systematic review of qualitative studies. Health Expect. #openaccess.

‘Participants explained that cultural safety was about being comfortable to feel vulnerable— ‘you don’t have to explain yourself – don’t have to feel defensive,’ (Australian Aboriginal participant of a midwifery service).’

19. *Cairns, A., Geia, L., Kris, S., Armstrong, E., O’Hara, A., Rodda, D., McDermott, R., & Barker, R. (2021). Developing a community rehabilitation and lifestyle service for a remote indigenous community. Disability and Rehabilitation, 1-9. #lockedupknowledge US$57.00.

Cultural safety shines the spotlight on non-Indigenous practitioners to reflect on the self, the rights of others (Indigenous people), the legitimacy of difference, and its application to all relationships and structures in developing a culturally safe workforce and safe service delivery’

20. Reyna, J. (2021). Incorporating Indigenous Voices in Learning Design: A Framework for Medical and Health Sciences Education Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Online-United States. #openaccess.

‘Engage in culturally safe and sensitive communication that facilitates trust and a respectful relationship with patients, carers, and other health professionals.’

21. *Guenther, J., Dwyer, A., Wooltorton, S., & Wilks, J. (2021). Aboriginal student engagement and success in Kimberley tertiary education. The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 1-9. #lockedupknowledge US$25.00.

‘The role of culturally safe spaces and processes within universities was raised several times by our respondents. Our respondents discussed the need for separate Aboriginal spaces where they feel comfortable, and where they feel as though they belong.’

22. Keelan, K., Pitama, S., Wilkinson, T., & Lacey, C. (2021). Indigenous peoples’ experiences and preferences in aged residential care: a systematic review. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 11771801211004773. #lockedupknowledge, £29.00.

‘Our study exemplified that ARC [Aged Residential Care] services with health care staff that are more likely to be aware and familiar with Indigenous concepts and customs and promote the use of the culturally safe models of health care are more likely to be associated with positive Indigenous health engagement and experiences.

23. Thorpe, K., Burgess, C., & Egan, S. (2021). Aboriginal Community-led Preservice Teacher Education: Learning from Country in the City. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 46(1). #openaccess.

‘To prepare preservice teachers, address oft expressed fears of not wanting to offend Aboriginal people and consider the cultural safety of all involved, we discuss culturally appropriate, ethical and local protocols to build awareness and confidence early in these courses.’

24. *Elek, C., Gibberd, A., Gubhaju, L., Lennox, J., Highfold, R., Goldfeld, S., & Eades, S. (2021, 2021/03/31). An Opportunity for Our Little Ones: Findings from an Evaluation of an Aboriginal Early Childhood Learning Centre in Central Australia. Early Childhood Education Journal. #lockedupknowledge, €34,95.

Cultural safety was thus defined as one in which children (and Aboriginal staff) feel valued and are comfortable with being themselves and expressing their Aboriginal identity and culture.’

25. Benton, M., Hearn, S., & Marmolejo-Ramos, F. (2021). Indigenous students’ experience and engagement with support at university: a mixed-method study. The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 1-9. #lockedupknowledge, US$25.00.

‘Improvements of facilities was identified by students and related to students’ wanting more culturally safe study spaces on the university campus and secure study areas where belongings can be left’

April 2021

Under construction…

  1. *Withall, L., Ryder, C., Mackean, T., Edmondson, W., Sjoberg, D., McDermott, D., & Wilson, A. (2021, 2021/04//). Assessing cultural safety in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health. Aust J Rural Health. #lockedupknowledge, AU$42.00. #

‘Specifically, time restraints within the workplace meant that many of the participants had limited time to incorporate cultural safety principles into their practice with patients. Half of the participants suggested that this aspect of care was viewed by management as a lower priority to the clinical duties that made up a bulk of their workload.’

2. *Milligan, E., West, R., Saunders, V., Bialocerkowski, A., Creedy, D., Rowe Minniss, F., Hall, K., & Vervoort, S. (2021). Achieving cultural safety for Australia’s First Peoples: a review of the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency-registered health practitioners’ Codes of Conduct and Codes of Ethics. Australian Health Review. #lockedupknowledge, AUD$35.00.

3. St John, N., & Edwards-Vandenhoek, S. (2021). Learning together on Country: reimagining design education in Australia. Diaspora, Indigenous, and Minority Education, 1-19. #lockedupknowledge, USD$45.00.

4. Sooful, P., Hogan, A., Williams, J., & Moore, R. (2021). Escape into Culturally Safe Patient Centered Care. Noble International Journal of Social Sciences Research(62), 18-23. Open Access, at

5. Lock, M. J., Walker, T., & Browne, J. (2021, 2021/04/26). Promoting cultural rigour through critical appraisal tools in First Nations peoples’ research []. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, n/a(n/a). Open Access.

6. Santos AD, Balabanski AH, Katzenellenbogen JM, Thrift AG, Burchill L, Parsons MW. A narrative review of stroke incidence, risk factors and treatment in Indigenous Peoples of the world. Vessel Plus 2021;5:21.

7. Hamilton, S. L., Maslen, S., Farrant, B., Ilich, N., & Michie, C. (2021, 2021/04/15). “We don’t want you to come in and make a decision for us”: Traversing cultural authority and responsive regulation in Australian child protection systems []. Australian Journal of Social Issues, n/a(n/a). #lockedupknowledge, $42.00.

May 2021

Under construction…

  1. Fisher, M., Mackean, T., George, E., Friel, S., & Baum, F. (2021, 2021/05/02). Stakeholder perceptions of policy implementation for Indigenous health and cultural safety: A study of Australia’s ‘Closing the Gap’ policies []. Australian Journal of Public Administration, n/a(n/a). #lockedupknowledge, $42.00.

2. Delbridge, R., Garvey, L., Mackelprang, J. L., Cassar, N., Ward-Pahl, E., Egan, M., & Williams, A. (2021). Working at a cultural interface: co-creating Aboriginal health curriculum for health professions. Higher Education Research & Development, 1-16.

3. Bennett, B., Ross, D., & Gates, T. G. (2021). Creating spatial, relational and cultural safety in online social work education during COVID-19. Social Work Education, 1-9.

4. Carlisle, K., Matthews Quandamooka, V., Redman-MacLaren, M., Vine, K., Turner Anmatyerre/Jaru, N. N., Felton-Busch Yangkaal/Gangalidda, C., Taylor, J., Thompson, S., Whaleboat Meriam Le, D., Larkins, S., & With the, L. L. C. (2021, May 6). A qualitative exploration of priorities for quality improvement amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care services. BMC Health Serv Res, 21(1), 431. (First article where author cultural identity is noted)

5. Brockie, T., Clark, T. C., Best, O., Power, T., Bourque Bearskin, L., Kurtz, D. L. M., Lowe, J., & Wilson, D. (2021, May 4). Indigenous social exclusion to inclusion: Case studies on Indigenous nursing leadership in four high income countries. J Clin Nurs.

6. Ubrihien, A., Gwynne, K., & Lewis, D. A. (2021, May 13). Enabling culturally safe sexual health services in western Sydney: a protocol to improve STI treatment outcomes for Aboriginal young people. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 7(1), 106.

7. Molloy, L., Guha, M. D., Scott, M. P., Beckett, P., Merrick, T. T., & Patton, D. (2021). Mental health nursing practice and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: an integrative review. Contemp Nurse, 1-17.

8. Gerrard, J. M., Godwin, S., Chuter, V., Munteanu, S. E., West, M., & Hawke, F. (2021, May 10). Release of the National Scheme’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health and Cultural Safety Strategy 2020-2025; the impacts for podiatry in Australia: a commentary. J Foot Ankle Res, 14(1), 38. Open Access.

9. Brown, K. (2021). Providing the right tools before the start of life. The Lancet Global Health, 9(5), e569-e570.

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