I research and write about cultural safety because I agree with its four philosophical ramparts of reflexivity, cultural, power, and identity. See my recent publication ‘Cultural Safety and Child Protection Responses in Hospitals: A Scoping Review‘ as an example. I keep up-to-date with current research about cultural safety and First Nations Australians through academic database searching, and post them to the resources page.
1. T. Power, D. Wilson, L. East, B. Cashman, J. Wannell and D. Jackson, (2021). Indigenous women’s experiences of diabetes in pregnancy: A thematic synthesis. Collegian. DOI: https://www.collegianjournal.com/article/S1322-7696(21)00015-9/fulltext. $USD35.95 #lockedupknowledge
“Collectively, through our organisations, nursing needs to agitate and advocate for the enactment of policy and legislation that will ensure the delivery of culturally safe health care and the decolonisation of health services.”
2. Steele, M. L., Meurk, C., Schess, J., Yap, L., Jones, J., Harden, S., Davison, S., Butler, T., & Heffernan, E. (2021, 2021/02/02). Substance use and help-seeking among justice-involved young people in Queensland and Western Australia: A cross-sectional survey of 14–17-year-olds. Drug Alcohol Rev. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.13238, AUD $49.00 #lockedupknowledge
“Our findings illustrate the ongoing importance of delivering tailored, comprehensive and coordinated trauma-informed and culturally safe AOD services to justice-involved young people, both in detention and in the community.”
3. Orr, F., Kelly, M., Virdun, C., Power, T., Phillips, A., & Gray, J. (2021, 2021/02/01/). The development and evaluation of an integrated virtual patient case study and related online resources for person-centred nursing practice. Nurse Educ Pract, 51, 102981. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2021.102981, USD $35.95 #lockedupknowledge
“The reduction of health disparities in Aboriginal Peoples is dependent on culturally safe health care that supports empowerment, focuses on the person’s experiences of the care, and is person-centred (Nugyen, 2008).”
4. Bovill, M., Chamberlain, C., Bennett, J., Longbottom, H., Bacon, S., Field, B., Hussein, P., Berwick, R., Gould, G., & O’Mara, P. (2021, Feb 2). Building an Indigenous-Led Evidence Base for Smoking Cessation Care among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women during Pregnancy and Beyond: Research Protocol for the Which Way? Project. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031342, Open Access.
“At the closing of the yarning circles, a lunch will be offered to the women. This process acts as an acknowledgement of women giving up their time to participate in the research as well as providing a culturally safe space for women and researchers to be able to reflect on the yarning circle conversations.”
5. Blunden, S., Fatima, Y., & Yiallourou, S. (2021, Feb 4). Sleep health in Indigenous Australian children: a systematic review. Sleep Med, 80, 305-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2021.01.065, USD$35.95 #lockedupknowledge
“Further, there is a necessity to embed at a systems level the provision of culturally safe and responsive sleep health support to Indigenous infants, children and families and communities.”
6. Marnie, C., & Peters, M. D. J. (2021). Relaunched, the Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing in the year of the Nurse and Midwife. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.37464/2020.381.411, Open Access.
“We argue that health practitioners have a responsibility to employ critical consciousness to developing strategic frameworks that promote and make space for a culturally safe working environment, and safe healing environment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.”
7. Orr, N., Gwynne, K., Sohn, W., & Skinner, J. (2021). Inequalities in the utilisation of the Child Dental Benefits Schedule between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children. Australian Health Review. https://doi.org/10.1071/AH20028, Open Access.
“Compounding this is limited access to toothbrushes and toothpaste, high out-of-pocket costs for dental care and access barriers related to cultural safety and social disadvantage.”
8. Satour, J., & Goldingay, S. (2021, 2021/04/03). Experiencing Aboriginal Perspectives Through the Embodied Concept of the Tree of Life: Implications for Developing a Teaching Resource. Australian Social Work, 74(2), 198-209. https://doi.org/10.1080/0312407X.2020.1849333, USD45.00, #lockedupknowledge
“This creates a space for students to question and voice uncertainties, discomforts, and anxieties in a culturally safe space without being fearful, silent or having a saviour complex in having to rescue Aboriginal people from themselves.”
9. Cullen, P., Mackean, T., Walker, N., Coombes, J., Bennett-Brook, K., Clapham, K., Ivers, R., Hackett, M., Worner, F., & Longbottom, M. (2021). Integrating Trauma and Violence Informed Care in Primary Health Care Settings for First Nations Women Experiencing Violence: A Systematic Review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838020985571, £29.00 #lockedupknowledge
“The intention of culturally safe care is to create an environment where experiences of past and present trauma are acknowledged, there are no structural power differentials, and there is an emphasis on creating a sense ofsafety (Browne et al., 2016).”
10. Manton, D., & Williams, M. (2021). Strengthening Indigenous Australian Perspectives in Allied Health Education: A Critical Reflection. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.32799/ijih.v16i1.33218, Open Access
“Cultural safety: Development of an environment that is spiritually, socially, emotionally, and physically supportive and safe for Indigenous people, and that respects their cultures and identities.”
11. Socha, A. (2020). Addressing Institutional Racism Against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders of Australia in Mainstream Health Services: Insights From Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.32799/ijih.v16i1.33918
“Cultural safety in a health care setting involves understanding the history of colonial violence and oppression that produces health inequities, and suspending ethnocentric views in favour of respecting alternative worldviews and cultural practices (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2018).”
12. Windle, A., Javanparast, S., Freeman, T., & Baum, F. (2021, 2021/02/18). Assessing organisational capacity for evidence-informed health policy and planning: an adaptation of the ORACLE tool for Australian primary health care organizations. Health Research Policy and Systems, 19(1), 25. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-021-00682-5, Open Access.
“A hypothetical example might be where a strategy to enhance the cultural safety of services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has been favourably evaluated in X region—can it then be confidently assumed that the same strategy would be culturally safe in Y region (acknowledging the distinct cultural beliefs and practices of different Aboriginal communities across Australia)?”
13. Bentley, S. A., Anstice, N. S., Armitage, J. A., Booth, J., Dakin, S. C., Fitzpatrick, G., Herse, P., Keay, L., & McKendrick, A. M. (2021, Feb 22). Strengthening Indigenous eye care in Australia and New Zealand through a Leaders in Indigenous Optometry Education Network. Aust N Z J Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.13080, Open Access.
“The understanding is that the inclusion of quality cultural safety training in curricula will not only produce better practitioners but will also influence other important changes, such as increased recruitment and graduation rates for Indigenous students (as the program itself will be culturally safe), and increased representation of Indigenous staff within the higher education sector.”
14. Nolan-Isles, D., Macniven, R., Hunter, K., Gwynn, J., Lincoln, M., Moir, R., Dimitropoulos, Y., Taylor, D., Agius, T., Finlayson, H., Martin, R., Ward, K., Tobin, S., & Gwynne, K. (2021). Enablers and Barriers to Accessing Healthcare Services for Aboriginal People in New South Wales, Australia. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063014, Open Access.
“Enabling factors were coordination of healthcare services within jurisdictions, effective communication between healthcare services, trust in health services and positive experiences of cultural safety, prioritization of access for Aboriginal people, resourcing for healthcare services and addressing distance and transport barriers.”
15. Arruzza, E., & Chau, M. (2021). The effectiveness of cultural competence education in enhancing knowledge acquisition, performance, attitudes, and student satisfaction among undergraduate health science students: a scoping review. J Educ Eval Health Prof, 18, 3. https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2021.18.3, Open Access.
“However, Kurtz et al.  highlighted that without a system-wide approach, culturally safe practice will continue to be viewed as anecdotal, an individual experience and not evidence-based.”
16. Walker, R., Usher, K., Jackson, D., Reid, C., Hopkins, K., Shepherd, C., Smallwood, R., & Marriott, R. (2021, Feb 22). Connection to… Addressing Digital Inequities in Supporting the Well-Being of Young Indigenous Australians in the Wake of COVID-19. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(4). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18042141, Open Access.
“The taskforce has advised on primary care-targeted actions, workforce needs, cultural safety, testing, evacuation and biosecurity measures, and community information provision.”
17. Christie, V., Green, D., Amin, J., Pyke, C., Littlejohn, K., Skinner, J., McCowen, D., & Gwynne, K. (2021). What is the Evidence Globally for Culturally Safe Therapies to Improving Breast Cancer Outcomes for Indigenous Women in High Income Countries? A Systematic Review. Preprints. https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-253234/v1, Open Access.
“From this review, it is clear that there needs to be more research about capacity building, culturally safe services and building health literacy. Based on this study we can infer that the impact of these elements is vast, but it is not clear just how integral they are to the success of services for Indigenous women with breast cancer.”
18. Bradley, P., Lowell, A., Daiyi, C., Macklin, K., Nagel, T., & Dunn, S. (2021, 2021/02/25). It’s a little bit like prison, but not that much: Aboriginal women’s experiences of an acute mental health inpatient unit. Int J Ment Health Nurs, n/a(n/a). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/inm.12843, USD$49.00 #lockedupknowledge
“Ramsden (2002) noted that while ‘human samenesses and human differences’ are highlighted by investigation into matters of cultural safety, individual needs and experiences are mediated by cultural, gender and social factors.”
19. McCullough, K., Bayes, S., Whitehead, L., Williams, A., & Cope, V. (2021, 2021/02/27/). We say we are doing primary health care but we’re not: Remote area nurses’ perspectives on the challenges of providing primary health care services. Collegian. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2021.02.006, USD$35.95 #lockedupknowledge
“Remote area nurses are primary health care nurses with a particular focus on providing culturally safe care to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.”
20. Coombes, J., Fraser, S., Hunter, K., Ivers, R., Holland, A., Grant, J., & Mackean, T. (2021, Feb 26). “They Are Worth Their Weight in Gold”: Families and Clinicians’ Perspectives on the Role of First Nations Health Workers in Paediatric Burn Care in Australia. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052297, Open Access.
“Care that is regardful of differences, improves dialogue and reduces power imbalances will lead to an experience of improved culturally safe care .”
21. Byrne, A.-L., McLellan, S., Willis, E., Curnow, V., Harvey, C., Brown, J., & Hegney, D. (2021). Yarning as an Interview Method for Non-Indigenous Clinicians and Health Researchers. Qualitative Health Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732321995802, £32.00 #lockedupknowledge
“Making people feel culturally safe, and therefore prepared to “talk,” requires sustaining the relationship through time.”
Read this article ‘Taking action for cultural safety‘ published through ArtsHub and written by Dr Ruth DeSouza and Ms Robyn Francis Higgins. The article lists 12 ways to make your work more culturally safe.
Cultural Safety Editing Service provides scientifically rigorous editing of your academic manuscript.